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Questions 1-10  Listen from here

Complete the notes below.

Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.

ETHNOGRAPHY IN BUSINESS

Ethnography: research which explores human cultures

It can be used in business:

•    to investigate customer needs and 1

•    to help companies develop new designs

Examples of ethnographic research in business

Kitchen equipment

•    Researchers found that cooks could not easily see the 2 in measuring cups.

Cell phones

•    In Uganda, customers paid to use the cell phones of entrepreneurs

•    These customers wanted to check the 3 used.

Computer companies

•    There was a need to develop 4 to improve communication between system administrators and colleagues.

Hospitals

•    Nurses needed to access information about 5 in different parts of the hospital.

Airlines

•    Respondents recorded information about their 6 while travelling.

Principles of ethnographic research in business

•    The researcher does not start off with a hypothesis.

•    Participants may be selected by criteria such as age, 7 or product used.

•    The participants must feel 8 about taking part in the research.

•    There is usually direct 9 of the participants.

•    The interview is guided by the participant.

•    A lot of time is needed for the 10 of the data.

•    Researchers look for a meaningful pattern in the data.

 

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